By: Dr.Dipak Basu
January 21, 2007
expressed here are author’s own and not of this website. Full disclaimer
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(The author is a Professor in International Economics in Nagasaki
The Baker-Hamilton Study Group Report on Iraq has demonstrated the
limit on the projection of U.S. power over the globe. The report suggested
gradual withdrawal of the American forces from Iraq, admitting defeat in
Iraq. The declared idea of the U.S. of attacking Iraq in 2003 was to
create democracies in the Middle East, although one may ask why the U.S.
tolerates dictators in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Pakistan and China.
The answer can be found by examining the real aim of the U.S. foreign
On September 17, 2002 the Bush, administration published its “National
Security Strategy of the United States of America”. The document asserts
as the guiding policy of the United States the right to use military force
anywhere in the world, at any time it chooses, against any country it
believes to be, or it believes may at some point become, a threat to
American interests. As President Bush asserts in the introduction of the
document, America’s values “are right and true for every person, in every
USA has selected three areas to contain possible rivals: The Middle East,
East Europe and East Asia. In the Middle East the rival is militant Islam.
In East Europe the rival is resurgent Russia under Putin. In East Asia the
possible rival is China. However, China is now the most important partner
of the U.S. corporations and as a result is not a rival as such on the
political front. United States hope that by controlling the oil wealth of
the Middle East it is possible to regulate militant Islam and to set it
against resurgent Russia. President Clinton has tried that by supporting
Bosnian Muslims against the orthodox Christians of Serbia. He has sent an
army of 10000 Arab and Pakistani terrorists to Bosnia to kill the
Christians. Then he has bombed Serbia into submission to give up Kosovo.
During his time Chechen Muslims revolting against Russia also got supports
from USA, Britain and Western Europe. Although Iraq is certainly a set
back but USA will try, as suggested by Baker-Hamilton report, to develop
relationships with Syria and Iran in future to eliminate any possibility
of Russian influence in the Middle East. Thus, still the real rival for
the USA in the world scale is Russia as the Soviet Union was before 1991.
In 1997, Zbigniew Brzezinski, the National Security Advisor of President
Carter, published a book entitled The Grand Chessboard; by chessboard,
Brzezinski meant Eurasia, the enormous landmass comprising two continents
and containing the majority of the world’s population. He said that
“America’s capacity to exercise global primacy” depends on whether America
can prevent “the emergence of a dominant and antagonistic Eurasian power”.
Brzezinski then concluded: “Eurasia is thus the chessboard on which the
struggle for global primacy continues to be played.”
To contain Russia, USA has adopted a multi-level approach. It is trying to
put false or half-truths in the international media to make Russia
unpopular. USA and its western allies also support directly or indirectly
the Islamic insurgency within Russia. At the same time there are serious
efforts going on to encircle Russia by putting pro-Western governments in
every former republics of the former Soviet Union. The recent reversal of
the results of the election in Ukraine, Georgia, and Kirghizistan, in
which elected presidents are replaced by new pro-Western presidents in new
elections, as demanded by the mob, hired, fed, and employed by the Western
organizations, is the direct result of that policy.
The election of a pro-Western presidents through dubious means for
Ukraine, the birthplace of Russian nation of Kiev-Rus in 9th century, and
for Georgia, the birthplace of Stalin, and Kirghizstan, the gateway to the
former Soviet central Asia, means the US now occupy a crucial position on
Brzezinski’s global chessboard.
In the Balkans following the war on Serbia in 1999, the former Yugoslavia
is firmly under Western control. In 2001, in the context of the
Afghanistan invasion, the US established military bases for the first time
in former Soviet republics and emerged as a presence in Central Asia.
Since then, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzistan and Azerbaijan have allied
themselves to the US. In 2003, a pro-Western regime came to power in
Georgia, through the mob violence as witnessed as well in Ukraine. In
Europe, most members of the former Warsaw Pact, including the former
Baltic Soviet republics, have now joined NATO and the European Union. When
Ukraine would join, NATO. Russia would be largely isolated.
Emerging Relationship between Ukraine and USA:
The US continued with its
aggressive strategy and groomed opposition candidate and the president
elected in the second election Yushchenko. Donations from institutes
established by Soros have helped develop and finance the Ukrainian student
movement “Pora” (“It is Time”) along the lines of similar movements in
Serbia and Georgia to remove pro-Russian politicians from power. Pora has
been in the forefront of the demonstrations in support of Yushchenko. The
US state department said recently, it had spent $65m over the past two
years financing groups in support of democracy in Ukraine, part of the
$1bn spent for the same purpose globally each year.
Yushchenko"s way to power was accompanied with a series of strange
assassinations. The assassinations of Viktor Yushchenko's first wife, and
the former chairman of the National Bank of Ukraine, Vadim Getman, were
ignored by the Western media in its drive for democracy in Ukraine.
Yushchenko fled Ukraine after being the finance minister, was arrested in
the U.S. for theft charges but came out from the US prison when his first
wife was murdered and he married an official of President Bush in a hurry.
He then came back to Ukraine as the champion of democracy for Ukraine.
Threats to Russia:
With nearly 50 million inhabitants, Ukraine is, after Russia, by far the
biggest of the successor states of the Soviet Union. Ukraine is connected
to Russia by a common history, extending back to the Kiev-Rus in the ninth
Century. During the past 300 years, the largest part of today’s Ukraine
was either Russian or Soviet national territory, or both. The heavy
industry of the Eastern Ukraine, developed under the Soviet regime, is
closely linked with its Russian counterpart. The dissolution of these
links would have damaging consequences for both countries.
An additional factor is the strategic significance of Ukraine. Eighty
percent of Russian gas and oil exports to Europe—its most important source
of foreign exchange—flows through Ukrainian pipelines. The main base of
the Russian Black Sea fleet, Sebastopol, is also situated on Ukrainian
national territory. Russia is threatened with the loss of influence over
one of the most important industrial regions of the former Soviet Union
and the loss of control over the export routes of its most important raw
materials, oil, and gas.
Russia has planned a trade and security alliance that would incorporate
some of the republics of the former Soviet Union in Central Asia, the
Caucasus, and Eastern Europe, in which Russia would be the dominant power.
Wherever Moscow attempts to reassert its influence, it meets with
opposition from the Euro-American alliance, which has the strategic aim of
incorporating Russia's periphery -- especially in Eastern Europe and the
Caucasus -- into the Western system of market economy and the NATO Ukraine
now is a candidate for admission to both the European Union and NATO
Affairs in Georgia:
During the Soviet Union era, most of the Soviet investment went into
building up the backward, mostly Muslim nations and areas rather than
Russia proper. The result is well-educated and well-organized republics
such as Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Georgia, and Azerbaijan among others.
These countries are sitting on top of or in close proximity to Caspian
After the overthrow of the Soviet Union, the United States moved to
establish its strength in the Caspian area. They practically bought up
Georgia, a key Caspian country. Both the former and the current head of
the Georgian government, Eduard Shevardnadze and Mikhail Saakashvili, are
bitterly anti-Russian and very pro-U.S. The whole war in Chechnya is
nothing more than a reflection of this
The most important factor in Georgia is that the country is an essential
link in the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline that will carry oil from the Caspian Sea
to the West. Control over Caspian Sea oil is perceived by the Western
powers, led by the United States, to be a vital strategic interest.
Uppermost in Western policy towards the entire Caucasus region is the goal
of sufficient political stability to guarantee that the oil will flow.
Georgia's strategic importance has resulted in an American military
presence in the country to train its armed forces. American firms are now
building a major pipeline through this volatile area. This American
presence is only likely to expand in future when the pipeline begins to
transport oil and fighting in the area intensifies.
Mr. Saakashvili, who forced President Edward Shevardnadze to resign on 23
November 2003 after three weeks of peaceful demonstrations, during which
the population challenged the results of the general elections that were
held on 2 November 2003, has colossal support from George W. Bush himself.
The result of the new election is the withdrawal of Russian military bases
from Georgia and their replacements by the U.S. army, which the former
president Shevardnadze had resisted.
Velvet revolution in Kyrgyzstan:
The former of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev said in his book "Thinking of the
Future with Optimism: Ideas on Foreign Policy and the World", that, “
Installation of the new regime in Georgia is a challenge to all CIS
countries. Proliferation of the technology of velvet revolutions aims to
weaken the Commonwealth”. Akayev became the president in 1990 and was
re-elected in 1995 and again 2000. The West and the local opposition have
not recognized the election unless the pro-Western candidate Felix Kulov
was elected after a mass protests resulted into reelection in Kyrgyzstan
after the elected pro-Russian candidate Askar Akayev fled to Moscow in
Empire building for Oil:
Now, as the United States wages its war in Afghanistan and Iraq and
deploys troops for the first time in the energy-rich regions of Central
Asia and the Caucasus, the borders of a new American empire appear to be
forming. The aim is to protect the growing economic interests of USA in
Central Asia and the Caucasus, which are crisscrossed by oil and gas
pipelines. US Secretary of State Colin Powell said in December 2004 that
Kazakhstan's oil was becoming of "critical importance”. Jane's Foreign
Report said recently that "Caspian reserves could be critical to future
global energy supply," This is in line with the doctrine of "full-spectrum
dominance" that now seems to govern American foreign policy and is
manifesting itself in the Caucasus and Central Asia".
In his book The Grand Chessboard, Zbignew Brzezinski, national security
advisor to President Carter, urged that the U.S. take command of Central
Asia and its "enormous concentration of oil and gas reserves’ in order to
command all of Eurasia. Brzezinski noted that "a truly massive and widely
perceived external threat" would be needed to incline the U.S. public into
a "supportive mood" for engagement in international war. That was in 1997,
four years before the 9/11 attacks on World Trade Center in New York.
Brzezinski remembered, "the shock effect of the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor" as providing just such a threat or pretext.
In 2000 Cheney, Rumsfeld, Wolfowitz, and current Defense Policy advisor
Richard Perle were among authors of Project for the Next American Century
(PNAC) papers, which repeated the goal of absolute U.S. supremacy. Cheney,
Rumsfeld, and all the other authors share ties to the oil-and-gas and/or
pharmaceutical and/or weapons-of-mass-destruction industries.
PNAC also wrote in September 2000 that the U.S. military should be
transformed to a capability that let it "fight and decisively win
multiple, simultaneous major theater wars”. PNAC 2000 estimated that such
a "transformation" would require defense spending to have "a minimum level
of 3.5 to 3.8 percent of gross domestic product, adding $15 billion to $20
billion to total defense spending annually.” PNAC 2000 added, one year
before 9/11: "The process of transformation is likely to be a long one,
absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event–like a new Pearl Harbor.”
Following the "new Pearl Harbor" of " ‘9/11’ ", the defense budget of the
U.S. rose to $345.7 billion in 2002, a 12% increase from 2001. The Defense
budget rose to $365 billion in 2003, not counting costs of war against
Iraq, which is now about US$320 billion so far.
Russia, which was during the days of President Yeltsin impoverished and
descending into social and political chaos, is now revived by Putin and by
the enormous amount of wealth from exports of oil and gas. It is still
armed with thousands of nuclear warheads, sprawling across Eurasia,
encompassing or bordering on vast energy reserves in Eastern Siberia.
Thus, it is not surprising that the Western media is now spreading
disinformation to discredit Russia. Recently when Russia has asked the
hostile government of Ukraine to pay the international price for oil and
gas it receives from Russia rather than having a 70 percent subsidy,
western media and their government has termed that as economic blackmail
of Ukraine. Suddenly a British academic with close contact with the
British secret service has published a diary of a dead KGB officer
defected to the West, Vasili Mitrokhin, as authentic document describing
how KGB has bribed well known politicians of the world including François
Mitterrand, Neil Kinnock, and Indira Gandhi along with ten Indian
newspaper editors. Most recently the Western media is trying to discredit
Russia by blaming for the sudden death of a former KGB officer, Alexander
Litvinenko, who was defected to the West, became a Muslim and a member of
the exiled Chechen terrorists living in London with close connection with
Boris Berezovsky, who fled to London after stealing more than US$ 350
million from the Russian airline Aerofloat.
With the withdrawal from
Iraq, exports of democracy will be redirected with full force to East
Europe and the former Soviet Union. As Russia is the real obstacle on the
way for this export, it is essential for the western media and the US
government to discredit Russia by all means. The US Council on Foreign
Relations has recently published a special report on Russia, “Russia’s
Wrong Direction: What the United States Can and Should Do”, written by
Jack Kemp and Senator John Edwards, the possible democratic candidate for
the presidency in the next election in USA. According to it, “the power in
Russia is democratic only outwardly, whereas the content of the Russian
power is not democratic at all.” Vladimir Putin in reply, in his 2006
annual state of the nation address, compared the US to a hungry wolf that
"eats and listens to no one".
It is now clear was the actual reason for the highly costly and
ineffective regime change in Iraq was not ‘Democracy’ but control of oil
and gas resources of the world. The quest for energy control has initiated
the attempts for regime changes in Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Belarus
and Kyrgystan in recent years. It also can explain the USA’s hostility
towards Lain America’s very popular democracies in Venezuela and Bolivia.
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