By: Moorthy Muthuswamy PhD
July 04, 2005
expressed here are author’s own and not of this website. Full disclaimer
is at the bottom.
Dear Secretary Rice Friday,
July 01, 2005
have uncovered new data unequivocally showing massive and systematic
religious apartheid carried out in India. All available evidence points to
the US State Department (USSD) not even aware of this apartheid practice.
Unfortunately, due to this ignorance USSD’s policy initiatives appear to
be promoting this apartheid – i.e. undermining religious freedom and human
rights in India. Through this letter we are bringing an opportunity for
you to understand this issue and take corrective steps.
an American trained nuclear physicist (received my PhD from Stony Brook
University, NY) with well over twenty peer-reviewed publications in
nuclear physics and related areas. I have also published well over thirty
articles on terrorism and religious freedom related issues. I am writing
this letter on behalf of Indian American Intellectuals Forum, a non-profit
organization based in
I am an US-citizen.
Indian American intellectuals forum
New York-based non-profit organization was established around 1999 to
promote understanding between America and India. In the past six years we
have brought out over thirty papers on issues concerning the community and
have conducted well over five seminars. We have also met with US
government officials in the past. We have hosted law-makers as well. In
terms of awareness campaign our forum has among the strongest track
records in Indian American community.
Why was religious apartheid in
noticed until now?
Until recently a minority white regime in South Africa controlled power
and garnered most wealth through unscrupulous and unethical means. The
world community led by America and United Nations was finally able to
identify and ostracize the white regime, leading to its dismantling and
transfer of power to majority black native Africans. With that the last
vintages of racial apartheid was coming to an end in the modern era. While
racial apartheid is more easily noticeable, religious apartheid is not.
appears that religious apartheid is alive and kicking.
India we are now seeing conclusive evidence of a form of massive religious
apartheid practiced by Muslim and Christians communities on majority Hindu
community. Due to a lack of knowledge and due to weak and unsophisticated
nature of the Hindu majority (like the black natives of
these grave violations of human rights have not yet been exposed.
Curiously, the Indian constitution encourages apartheid practice by
religious minorities. Obviously, the majority Hindus have proven to be
powerless to change the constitution. Having been under slavery for a
thousand years first under Muslims then under British, the Hindu community
has not yet developed means and leadership to advance its interests. As
we know from South African situation, it is not always the case that a
majority controls power – here again civilizationally backward black
majority was taken advantage by a sophisticated minority white community.
Both Muslim and Christian institutions in India with years of
proselytizing and public relations experience behind them have not only
managed to successfully shield their discriminatory and apartheid
practices, but have also successfully painted a picture, portraying
majority Hindu organizations and leaders as bad entities – when the
reality has been exactly the opposite. To practice apartheid and to
proselytize the Hindu majority it is a must to discredit its leadership
and organizations – the time-tested winning formula – practiced by Muslim
and Christian communities in India.
in America two umbrella organizations represent Indian Christian and
Indian Muslim interests:
http://www.FIACONA.org (Federation of Indian American Christian
organization of North America) and
http://www.imc-usa.org (Indian Muslim Council – American chapter).
These two outfits have been involved in sustaining and promoting
institutions in India practicing apartheid (under the cover of religious
freedom) and are on a smear campaign to discredit on Hindu organizations
based in America and in India. The contents and their out of context and
one-sided portrayal of events in India – exaggerating and vilifying Hindu
majority organizations and their leaders while saying virtually nothing
about the apartheid and violence conducted by their communities give away
the true nature of these outfits.
Christian apartheid in
sections of church in America undoubtedly tried to help native Indians.
However, history records of American church’s support for driving out
native Indians from their vast lands and its convenient description of
native Indians as “beasts”, so that discriminate and overwhelming use of
force on them can be justified. Church’s support for treating blacks as
slaves is also notable.
see from history that church could be involved in institutionalized
discrimination and apartheid under certain conditions. Certainly, sections
of church in India have undoubtedly worked to help poor, build hospital
and educational institutions. But here is the question: Does the Indian
church practice institutionalized apartheid as a way of taking away wealth
unfairly from majority Hindus, so that the weakened Hindus can be
converted to Christianity?
have uncovered extensive and massive discrimination and apartheid carried
out by Church institutions in India. Here is a sample of employment
patterns in Indian higher educational institutions.
Note: The following statistics were extracted from institutions’ official
web pages. Faculty religious affiliations were determined based upon their
names. A more accurate religious determination will further skew the data
toward religious bias. The faculty salaries appear to be State or
American College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu (Christian missionary operated):
Total faculty members:
members: 81; Christian faculty percentage: 66%
Total junior faculty
members (junior lecturers): 22
Christian junior faculty
members: 21; Christian faculty percentage: 95%
Stella Maris College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (Christian missionary
Total faculty members:
members: 71; Christian faculty percentage: 60%
Union Christian College, Aluva, Kerala (Christian missionary operated):
Total faculty members: 93
members: 77; Christian faculty percentage: 83%
St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai, Maharashtra (Christian missionary
Total faculty members:
members: 56; Christian faculty percentage: 42%
Christians in India
constitute only about 4% of the population. The local Christian
percentages do vary. In Kerala Christians constitute around 19% of the
population and in Tamil Nadu, around 7%. In Maharashtra they constitute
Statistics don’t lie, if this is not institutionalized apartheid, what is?
Dominic Emmanuel, a
director and priest at Delhi Catholic Archdiocese wrote recently in
Financial Times arguing for reservation for minority students.
There is yet another
revealing statistics confirming how Church control of many educational
institutions and its discrimination in favor of Christians has led to much
higher literacy percentage level among Indian Christians. The result of
the research conducted by Abu Saale Sharif, based on the National Sample
Survey in 1998, shows that in the age group of seven years and above, the
literacy rate among Muslim males is 59.5% and that of women 38%, making a
total of 49.5%. Where-as among Hindu males, it is 65.9% and among women it
is 39.2%, making it a total of 52.5% and among Christian males it was
85% and among women it was 76.5%, making a total of nearly 81%. Among
other religious groups too the ratio is 65.6% among males and 40.1% among
females, making it a total of 53.5%.
Conclusion: By and large,
it appears Christian institutions in
religious apartheid on majority Hindus. This is in violation of religious
freedom and human rights.
in a well-governed
we have found that businesses do cheat due to lax in regulations and/or
enforcement of laws. India is a poor and an ill-governed country. Hence,
there is no reason why the business of proselytizing in India wouldn’t use
fraudulent means. Well-funded and connected proselytizing organizations
can easily make the law enforcement look the other way as they indulge in
American evangelical groups and other Christian denominations are known to
give funding and other help to Indian Christian institutions. It is hard
to believe that they are unaware of this systematic pattern of Christian
apartheid in India.
Hence top Indian Christian government leaders with deep ties to Indian
Christian institutions are in positions to damage the cause of human
rights and religious freedom in
as they can be manipulated by this apartheid practicing Indian
Muslim apartheid in
discussion of Muslim outlook in India could never be complete without
discussing the outlook of former Indian Muslims, now known as Pakistani
and Bangladeshi Muslims. In 1947, Muslims in India (comprising 24% of the
population) demanded a separate nation for themselves and got it in the
form of Pakistan (comprising 25% of the original land mass). Quickly they
set about making these regions non-Muslim free. Over 20% and 30% Hindu and
Sikh populations in Pakistan and Bangladesh are now reduced to less than
2% and 10% respectively. This was achieved by driving out most of these
minorities to India. This is a special form of apartheid -- it is called
genocide. There is also another interpretation of this 1947 partition-- a
permanent 25% reservation for Indian Muslims – of land, wealth and
was to repeat again in 1989 from India’s only Muslim majority state of
Kashmir, once again from here too Hindus were driven out to the rest of
India. Also, Kashmiri Muslims who control the state through majority
status have unfairly reserved most opportunities for themselves at the
expense of others (http://www.saveindia.com/perfect_con_job.htm,
is Indian Muslim outlook in the rest of India where they are minority? The
answer comes from institutions that are controlled by Muslims.
Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi (A central university, but
Total faculty members:
Muslim faculty members:
288; Muslim faculty percentage: 88%
total doesn’t include Jamia’s faculty of humanities and languages. Such an
inclusion will only increase the religious bias. Although Jamia is not
operated by a proselytizing Muslim organization, it broadly reflects the
kind of employment discrimination that takes place in an educational
institution operated by a Muslim proselytizing organization.
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh (A central university,
but Muslim controlled):
Total faculty members:
Muslim faculty members:
603; Muslim faculty percentage: 90%
total doesn’t include faculty from departments at Aligarh that do not have
web pages. Recently, the regime in
decided to reserve 50% of all post graduate degrees for Muslim students in
Given that Muslims in
constitute only 14% of the population, this points to a severe religious
bias and discrimination.
Conclusion: Indian Muslim institutions practice religious apartheid on
majority Hindus. This is in violation of religious freedom and human
rights. Massive ethnic cleansing of Hindus from every area of South Asia
controlled by Muslims points to one other thing – an expansion is now
underway to Islamize the region and extend Islam’s frontiers using
apartheid and genocide.
Hence top Indian Muslim government leaders with deep ties to Indian Muslim
institutions are in positions to damage the cause of human rights and
religious freedom in India, as they can be manipulated by an apartheid
practicing Indian Islam.
Where is Hindu apartheid?
While the statistics shown here on Muslim and Christian institutions is
limited I am confident that a more extensive study will point to similar
conclusions. As we will see later the Indian constitution actively
promotes minority apartheid practice on majority Hindus, hence there is
every incentive for the minority to practice apartheid.
These tax-payer funded minority institutions also give preferential
admissions to students belonging to their faith -- thereby reducing
opportunities and compromising the future of majority’s children. This too
violates religious freedom and human rights. Due to a lack of statistics
this student component is not discussed here.
is also notable is the recent trend in at least in one minority
institution to hire almost exclusively young faculty of the same faith
majority Hindu community has a significant population level of educated
people – thus negating the possibility of a lack of qualified majority
manpower. Also, most of the topics taught in these colleges are secular in
nature – not requiring people of certain faith. Statistics have shown that
proselytizing activity of the majority Hindu community in India is
insignificant. This can be ascertained from Indian population census
history as well as from the philosophy and practice of Hindu religious
Below is a quote from an analysis by Prof. Issac (http://www.saveindia.com/for_hindus_in_kerala_it.htm).
education scenario is one of the major sectors where the organised
strength of the minorities in Kerala (where Christians and Muslims
constitute around 19% and 25% respectively) is used in a covert manner. In
this sector the majority (Hindu) community as well as the government
altogether controls only 11.11 per cent, on the other hand the church
controls 55.55 per cent and Muslim religious organisations 33.33 percent
of the total institutions. At present the professional education sector of
Kerala is somewhat under the full control of the minorities. About 12,000
engineering seats and 300 medicine seats are in the minority institutions
and they are fully controlling the admissions. At present 60 per cent of
the seats of the paramedical courses are controlled by the organised
minority religious leadership. The minority managements deny the
organisational freedom of teachers and students. Behind this undemocratic
exercise, is there anything other than organised minority leadership's
haughtiness? In this situation here, the successive governments are
functioning as meagre onlookers.”
Prof. Issac further states how Muslims who control power in education
ministry in a Hindu majority Kerala have “In all the 25 years (as
Education Ministers) the Muslim League followed the policy of filling ups
of all posts in the educational department with Muslims.”
disorganized the majority community can be ascertained by the fact that
Hindu temple funds are not only controlled by the governments, but are
used to fund various schemes under government control, including Haj
subsidies for Indian Muslims! This again is an evidence of unfair wealth
transfer from the majority.
with a Hindu majority is secular and democratic is no coincidence, as are
Pakistan or Bangladesh with Muslim majority is Islamic that often have had
dictatorial regimes and are fountain heads of radicalism. While Muslim
population percentage within has India grown by about 50%, the Hindu
population percentage in the neighboring Pakistan or Bangladesh has
dropped by several fold – since 1947. This shows that the outlook of Hindu
community, unlike Muslims of South Asia, is inclusive. Hence it doesn’t
appear to have the ingredients of a community that sponsors apartheid.
see how some groups belonging to proselytizing religions such as
Christianity or Islam are using discrimination (due to deficiencies in
Indian constitution) to garner wealth unfairly from majority community in
India. This leads to impoverishment and illiteracy among the beleaguered
Hindu majority, who can then be much more easily converted – by falsely
claiming that Hindu religious practices make them destitute! Hence these
apartheid practices in
if left unchecked, will lead to the disappearance of an ancient
Indian constitution promotes apartheid
constitution has certain provisions whereby minorities are exempt (are
allowed to discriminate on the basis of religion, unlike majority) from
certain requirements in running their own institutions (http://www.legalservicesindia.com/articles/judi.htm).
By and large, Hindus are not considered minority (even in areas where they
are a numerical minority such as Jammu and Kashmir) but Christians and
Muslims definitely are. For instance, minority community may reserve up to
50 percent of the seats for the members of its own community in an
educational institution established and administered by it even if the
institution is getting aid from the State. But the data given above, in
some instances, show hiring level well-exceeding 50%.
Very recently, Andra Pradesh government allotted 5%
job reservation to its Muslim residents, showing that apartheid in India
is only showing signs of increase and the power of jihadi groups that
sponsored this reservation demand only increasing.
Majority Hindus unlike Christians, Muslims and others do not have the same
opportunity to establish, fund and importantly, operate schools/colleges
in India. This in itself is at the heart of violation of religious freedom
and human rights. In fact, minorities such as Muslims or Christians,
unlike Hindus are allowed to discriminate constitutionally or lawfully.
The statistics I have listed above show that they have in general gone
well beyond that.
Also, even if all communities get the same opportunity to "discriminate"
lawfully on the basis of religion, that still is a violation of religious
freedom. That is why India needs civil rights laws (similar to the one
has) that prohibit discrimination.
Precisely for the above reasons, America doesn’t have these types of
minority/religious preference laws and in fact, has laws that prohibit
religious discrimination (the Civil Rights Act of 1964) -- under the
Title VII of the civil rights act of 1964 prohibits employment
discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
Civil unrest in
India is due to
their future and their children’s future unfairly stolen away due to
apartheid practice of Christians and Muslim institutions supported by the
respective communities, it is not hard to see why some Hindus in India
have turned to violence directed at Christian and Muslim communities and
institutions given the majority’s organizational weaknesses to dismantle
this apartheid. With Indian Christianity controlling many educational
institutions and hospitals this is a serious human rights issue.
Article 370 of the Indian constitution granting special privilege to
Muslim majority Kashmir is at the backbone of militant Islamic assault on
India. This article has made it possible for Muslims in the region to
institutionalize the practice of apartheid and extract enormous subsidizes
from the central government in Delhi, that come at the expense of other
states in India where most Hindus live. This apartheid practice has also
led to a full-fledged Muslim insurgency in Kashmir. This too is a huge
drain on India’s limited resources. Even as India records strong economic
growth, Muslim apartheid-originated problems have kept wealth and
resources from reaching hundreds of millions of impoverished majority
Hindus. This has led to increasing resentment against Indian Muslims. The
frustration at Indian democracy for its inability to stop this minority
apartheid has led to an embrace of naxal ideologies by the majority poor
in many states.
Flawed outlook at US State Department and USCIRF
is American policy response to this apartheid?
is a link to the 2004 USSD report on religious freedom in India:
http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2004/35516.htm. The main thrust of
USSD’s and USCIRF’s efforts in India is physical protection minorities,
with civil issues coming later -- on the grounds of encouraging human
rights and religious freedom.
report shows that USSD has not even understood that Indian constitution
undermines religious freedom and secularism. Here is a quote from this
report: “The Constitution provides for secular government and the
protection of religious freedom”.
report gives a comprehensively flawed portrayal of Hindu organizations
being at the forefront of attacks and discrimination against minorities,
based just upon isolated incidents and without statistical analysis.
Statistics shown in previous sections do not lie – clearly indicating who
practices apartheid and creates instabilities in India. What has happened
is that Christian and Muslim minority institutions well-oiled in public
relations have simply taken State Department officials in India and in
Washington for a ride. With the Hindu community (like the blacks in
Africa) not sophisticated thus far and has not been to give its side of
the story, essentially one view got through -- that of the religious
USSD acting, to the most part, as the eyes and ears for USCIRF, this
blunder continued in USCIRF’s “policy guides” to the US government on
aiding religious freedom in
This is mind boggling indeed.
Instead of focusing on the big picture – the minority religious apartheid
in India – the US State Department and USCIRF have focused on the issues
that are dear to Christian proselytizers (with Christianity being the
majority religion in America) – foreign fund flow for Indian Churches and
anti-conversion laws in India. Obviously, both of these factors are
adversarial to Christian interests in
There also appears evidence that in consultation with minority leaders in
India (who engage in apartheid practice), the US State department
officials have lobbied local Indian government to revoke anti-conversion
laws (revoking anti-conversion laws is adversarial to Hindu majority
latest report released by USCIRF is available at this location:
Here again the practice of apartheid by Muslim and Christian minorities is
not noted anywhere in sections pertinent to India. In its policy
recommendations, the Commission fails to note this or the need make Indian
constitution discrimination free. It is particularly notable that the
State Department or the USCIRF’s reports on India have virtually nothing
negative to say about Church activities in India!
Americans support policies of ensuring religious freedom and human rights
abroad, but few would support American policies leading to the promotion
of apartheid abroad.
There should be little question that the US State Department or USCIRF has
been thoroughly discredited when it comes to addressing religious freedom
and human rights issues in India. However, this outlook and policy
initiatives appear to be out of ignorance -- only saving grace in an
Indian democracy undermined
Clearly, this apartheid practiced by Muslim and Christian minorities in
India undermines not just religious freedom and human rights, but also
Indian democracy. The US State Departments’ reports have shown that
American policies are inadvertently undermining democracy in
by its flawed outlook and policies.
War on terror compromised
above 2004 USSD’s report on religious freedom and the companion one on
human rights (http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41740.htm)
and by USCIRF have shown little indication of American grasp of Islamic
expansion now underway in India or the pressures felt by the majority
Hindus from this no-rules-barred jihad waged on them.
former Indian Muslims, also known as Pakistani Muslims at the forefront of
Taliban & Al-Qaeda sponsorship, this outlook bares open deep intelligence
failure at the USSD. This has been compounded by a dearth of younger
people with expertise on South Asia (http://www.indiacause.com/columns/OL_040202.htm).
State Department that has been largely ignorant of minority apartheid and
Islamic expansion in
has continued to commit policy blunders. With Narendra Modi India sees a
decisive and an able leader who can bring minority apartheid to an end,
help build a strong economy and help
win the war on terror. Not surprisingly, Christian proselytizing groups
and jihadi fronts vehemently oppose him. The State department, consistent
with its flawed outlook on India, revoked a visa originally issued for his
can an US State Department with this level of ignorance on South Asia
provide effective assistance to an American government on executing the
war on terror?
should be a shock and even shame that the US State Department’s
perceptions and outlook are so flawed and inverted when it comes to
religious freedom and human rights in
This is simply unacceptable for the leading civilizational nation.
Besides, the policies pursued by America in India are simply inconsistent
with what it stands and it what it tries to propagate around the world.
Obviously some introspection and a policy review are immediately and
America simply can’t afford to operate under conditions of ignorance. There must
be a paradigm shift, i.e. the realization that like black majority under
white apartheid regime in
South Africa, it is majority Hindus in
India who need
protection from minorities. This is what statistics tell us, not some
unobjective analysis based upon isolated attacks on minorities by Hindus.
world community led by
and United Nations had to nudge the White Apartheid regime in South Africa
to give up power to the black majority. This was because the Whites in
South Africa were simply too powerful. In the case of India, with Hindu
majority simply too weak to confront an organized and apartheid practicing
minorities, it is in American interests to pursue policies in two ways:
Help India amend its constitution so that it is non-discriminatory (with
special status for minorities removed) and help India pass laws requiring
non-discriminatory hiring and admission practices & Nudge religious
minorities in India to adhere to non-discriminatory practices.
Whilst most elected
representatives in America were supporters of liberty, there had been a
few black sheep that have supported slavery. Unfortunately, there appear
to be some support for apartheid practicing Christian proselytizers among
the US Congress. It is important for USSD and USCIRF to keep that in mind
as they formulate future policies on religious freedom and human rights
Please let me know how you are going to respond to these concerns.
Moorthy Muthuswamy PhD
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