February 22, 2004
Nuclear issue: Indian media is silent about it
End of The Indo-US Nuke Deal?
What If India-US Nuclear Deal Fails
USA"s nuclear design on India
Discord on Indo–US Nuclear Deal
Indo-US nuclear Deal and its consequences
N-Deal: Plan B if the Deal Fails
US Legislative Process: Indo-US N-Deal
N-deal: Economic, Political and
Indo-American Nuclear Pact - Rationales
India"s Nuclear Surrender to USA
P-6 and The Nuclear Truth Narayanan
India's Options to Pakistan's Nuclear Threat
Cost Pakistan Incurred to Build the Nuclear Bomb
Nuclear Black Market in Pakistan
Has America Gained Control of Their Nuclear Weapons?
“Pride and joy of
Pakistan, the Nuclear Weapons, are on Pakistani soil but under American
control”. That is the word from political and diplomatic experts in the
West. Eric Margolis, a Canadian and a pro Pakistani analyst, who gained
his importance as an expert on Pakistani Army and Afghanistan military
imbroglio after 9/11, believes so. Writing recently in The Dawn (Pakistani
Newspaper), he said that the American Command Control technology and
security codes are already in place to safeguard the Pakistani 40 odd
nuclear weapons. Washington now will demand complete integration of US and
Pakistani forces structure. Next step will be to jointly guard the nuclear
weapons on Pakistani soil. Finally, total control of the nuclear weapons
by America, even though they stay in Pakistan.
If Pakistan does not
agree to this then the payment of the budgeted $3 Billion US aid will be
withheld. The latter is the amount, which keeps Pakistan as a nation
financially afloat. It is urgently needed.
What has been happening Behind the
Scenes since 9/11?
America during its
occupation of Kabul in the year 2000 found distinct links between a few
Pakistani scientists and A-Qaeda. These scientists were questioned in
Pakistan and let go. Other suspected scientists disappeared from the scene
(visiting Burma). Alarmed America set in motion process and procedures to
infiltrate and gain control of the Pakistani nuclear technology. First, a
liaison group of Pakistani and American scientists was created, ostensibly
to help Pakistan create unbreakable command and control codes, which will
prevent the explosion, should the bombs fall into the wrong hands.
Indirectly it helped to put the active nuclear bombs in cold storage.
Second, came the nabbing of the scientists who were selling of nuclear
secrets and designs privately but under the watchful eye of the Army and
ISI, who wished to keep the deniability as part of their diplomatic
arsenal. The procurement and technology network these scientists ran had
been infiltrated a while back but America kept this to itself, least India
and Israel got very alarmed. Israel has a declared policy of attacking any
nuclear or non-nuclear threat to its existence. Progress in building the
bomb by its enemies could invite Israeli action on Libyan and Iranian
sites (worst case scenario could attack Pakistani sites itself). Third and
last of all is the selection of the opportune time for the disclosures by
America. It happened when the world was about to learn about Iranian
Hence, since 9/11,
unknown to the rest of the world America was working hard using back
channels to secure the Pakistani Nuclear arsenal.
How Was the Disclosure Trap Set?
Last autumn, the
Americans approached the Libyan and told them that they know everything
about their nuclear program and its source. Col. Gaddaffi was forced to
abdicate its nuclear weapons program. A similar approach was made to
Iran, who had watched the destruction and occupation of neighboring Iraq
early in the year and did not wish the same fate. Hence they declared all
about their nuclear program to IAEA and named Pakistan as its source. Then
came the back channel diplomacy with Pakistan. Since Pakistan is a friend
and a strategic partner in catching Al Qaeda, hence it was agreed that all
faults be pinned on the Pakistani Dr. Nuke (Abdul Kadeer Khan) and hold
the Pakistani Army blameless. The Pakistani Strongman, General Musharraf
liked the idea of holding Pakistani Army blameless and agreed to put the
blame on Adbul Kadeer Khan’s shoulders. But there was only one hitch.
Abdul Kadeer Khan is next only to God in Pakistan. He gave the country the
Islamic Bomb; hence will not take exclusive responsibility for nuclear
proliferation to Libya, Iran and North Korea. In the interest of $3
Billion and much more in aid from America, Abdul Kadeer Khan agreed to
take the full blame and got the Army off the hook.
In return, America
agreed to continue the economic aid with a caveat that Pakistan accepts
its aid in control and safeguard of the nuclear weapons in three phases as
Eric Margolis has written.
Well-done America. The
cleverly placed disclosures and perfect timings have stripped the most
dangerous country in the world of its nuclear weapons and got the military
government on its side. The politicians and religious parties in Pakistan
clamored a bit but have calmed down, since they also like the American
money. In addition the Islamic war on the West with Pakistan as the
epicenter, which started on 9/11, has made them a sore looser. Hence this
seems to be a very good way out.
Why India is so mum?
India is the indirect
beneficiary of this imbroglio. First, Pakistan offered ceasefire in LOC in
Kashmir and withdrew support to the terrorists in India as soon as it
became clear to them that all the hell is about to break loose on the
nuclear front. Second, there is a receding nuclear holocaust threat in any
border war between India and Pakistan on Kashmir, terrorism or any other
issue. Reasons – the Pakistani nuclear bombs may be on Pakistani soil but
they are not in the full control of them.
This has kept India
mum about the developments. Moreover the present BJP leadership in charge
in Delhi is more interested in
dollars which are flowing into India via IT trade and BPO services than
raking hell on the international political and diplomatic scene for
Pakistan. Not much will be achieved by India in a diplomatic war with
Pakistan. America is already doing a good job of that.
Why did America wait
20 years to bust this Nuclear Trade Ring?
If America today tells
the world that they did not know about nuclear proliferation emanating
from Pakistan, do not believe it. America knew all about Pakistani
intelligence agent’s efforts to steal nuclear technology from the West in
last 25 years. In 1978 Abdul Kadeer Khan stole the nuclear centrifuge
design from Holland. From 1982-89, Pakistanis were trading the centrifuge
secrets for design of nuclear weapons with China. America knew all about
it. They told Chinese mildly about it, but China was an asset in the Anti
Soviet ring, which America had erected during the Cold War, hence, would
do nothing to upset them. In 1985 a Pakistani agent was arrested in
America purchasing nuclear triggering devices. The Reagan Administration
let the matter off lightly as Pakistan was an ally in their fight in
Not only that, CIA had
infiltrated the Pakistani nuclear establishment long before they are
prepared to admit. The only admission they are prepared to make today is
that they infiltrated the Abdul Kadeer Khan network to learn all about it.
This network had been in operation for the last 18 years as Iran received
the centrifuge design in 1985 and the actual centrifuge in 1989-91. Prior
to that Libya received similar help in the same timeframe. The latecomers
were the North Koreans who traded missiles for nuclear bomb help from 1994
to 1999. So how could America not know?
limited admission of their man inside the Pakistani nuclear trade ring is
only a partial truth. The whole truth, as speculated, is that America has
complete knowledge of Pakistani nuclear establishment and its secrets.
The horse has bolted from the Barn,
What Do we Do?
America and Bush
Administration at the moment is doing the right thing by gaining control
over the Pakistani nuclear weapons. How much access is gained by America
will never be known. Pakistani Army will not talk about it because it will
upset the nationalism, which surrounds the nuclear prestige. America will
not talk about it because it will give ammunition to Pakistani Army
critics at home.
measures by President Bush are half measures after the horse has already
bolted the barn. Nobody can speak very highly of the Nuclear Lobby in
Washington. It has been working against the interest of peaceful use of
nuclear energy and brackets the rogue nations with it. This stance has not
helped its cause. It is a waste of time. An example has to be set to
prevent future nuclear trade. Time to set example is now. Unless you make
an example of of the errand nation, this episode will be forgotten soon
and a bunch of new proliferators are waiting round the corner to move into
the seats vacated by Dr. Nuke in Pakistan. In this sense America has
failed. Pakistan will always use its strategic importance to have leverage
over American policy and wish to be pardoned for gross international
author is a retired Vice President from C-I-L Inc. and has lived in Canada
for the past 34 years. A graduate of Punjab University and University of
Missouri; Rolla, USA, the author is a former investment strategies analyst
and international relations manager. The Views expressed are his own.
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